• STRONGLY MAGIC SQUARES AS RINGS AND FIELDS

Dr. V. MADHUKAR MALLAYYA, NEERADHA. C. K*

Abstract


A generic definition for the well known class of magic squares-strongly magic square is given and ring structure of strongly magic squares is discussed. In this paper strongly magic squares are proved to have a ring structure and some particular strongly magic squares form commutative ring with unity. The paper also covers field structure of strongly magic squares.


Keywords


Magic Square, Magic Constant, Strongly Magic Square (SMS), Abelian Groups, Rings, Fields

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